Optical Sciences

Biomolecules and nanostructures

The Optical Sciences group studies the interaction of light and matter. Our current focus is on detection and sensing/imaging with an emphasis on the development of integrated photonics. We are part of Twente University's Department of Science and Technology and member of the MESA+ institute.

 

TAPPING MODE ATOMIC-FORCE MICROSCOPY IN LIQUID

(full pdf)

PUTMAN CAJ, VANDERWERF KO, DEGROOTH BG, VANHULST NF, GREVE J
APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS
vol 64 issue 18: p2454-p2456 MAY 2 1994

We show that standard silicon nitride cantilevers can be used for tapping mode atomic force microscopy (AFM) in air, provided that the energy of the oscillating cantilever is sufficiently high to overcome the adhesion of the water layer. The same cantilevers are successfully used for tapping mode AFM in liquid. Acoustic modes in the liquid excite the cantilever. o­n soft samples, e.g., biological material, this tapping mode AFM is much more gentle than the regular contact mode AFM. Not o­nly is the destructive influence of the lateral forces minimized, but more important, the intrinsic viscoelastic properties of the sample itself are effectively used to ''harden'' the soft sample.
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