Optical Sciences

Biomolecules and nanostructures

The Optical Sciences group studies the interaction of light and matter. Our current focus is on detection and sensing/imaging with an emphasis on the development of integrated photonics. We are part of Twente University's Department of Science and Technology and member of the MESA+ institute.


Raman microscopy for cellular investigations - From single cell imaging to drug carrier uptake visualization

(full pdf)

Birthe Kann, Herman L. Offerhaus, Maike Windbergs, Cees Otto
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Vol 89 Issue 15 p.71-90 July 2015

Progress in advanced therapeutic concepts requires the development of appropriate carrier systems for intracellular drug delivery. Consequently, analysis of interaction between carriers, drugs and cells as well as their uptake and intracellular fate is a current focus of research interest. In this context, Raman spectroscopy recently became an emerging analytical technique, due to its non-destructive, chemically selective and label-free working principle.

In this review, we briefly present the state-of-the-art technologies for cell visualization and drug internalization. Against this background, Raman microscopy is introduced as a versatile analytical technique. An overview of various Raman spectroscopy investigations in this field is given including interactions of cells with drug molecules, carrier systems and other nanomaterials. Further, Raman instrumentations and sample preparation methods are discussed. Finally, as the analytical limit is not reached yet, a future perspective for Raman microscopy in pharmaceutical and biomedical research on the single cell level is given.
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