Optical Sciences

Biomolecules and nanostructures

The Optical Sciences group studies the interaction of light and matter. Our current focus is on detection and sensing/imaging with an emphasis on the development of integrated photonics. We are part of Twente University's Department of Science and Technology and member of the MESA+ institute.

 

Local phase measurements of light in a one-dimensional photonic crystal

(full pdf)

Flück E, Otter AM, Korterik JP, Balistreri MLM, Kuipers L, Van Hulst NF
JOURNAL OF MICROSCOPY-OXFORD
vol 202: p104-p109 part 1 APR 2001

For the first time the local optical phase evolution in and around a small, o­ne-dimensional photonic crystal has been visualized with a heterodyne interferometric photon scanning tunnelling microscope. The measurements show an exponential decay of the optical intensity inside the crystal, which consists of a periodic array of subwavelength air rods fabricated in a conventional ridge waveguide. In addition it is found that the introduction of the air rods has a counter- intuitive effect o­n the phase development inside the structure. The heterodyne detection scheme allows the detection of low- intensity scattered wanes. In the vicinity of the scattering air rods phase singularities are found with a topological charge of plus or minus o­ne.
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